1. On 23 January 2014, the Berne Declaration (BD) and Greenpeace Switzerland gave away the Public Eye Awards. Gazprom and Gap are the winners of the 2014 Public Eye Awards. The Public Eye sheds a critical light on irresponsible business practices and provides a platform to publicly criticize cases of human and labor rights violations, environmental destruction or corruption. The date and location of the Public Eye Awards are set deliberately to coincide with the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum.

  2. The European Union is on track towards meeting and overachieving its 2020 target for reducing greenhouse emissions by 20%, according to a report published on 20 October 2015 by the European Environment Agency (EEA). The "Trends and projections in Europe 2015" report reveals that greenhouse gas emissions in Europe decreased by 23% between 1990 and 2014 and reached the lowest levels on record.

  3. Exxon Mobil Corp. subsidiary XTO Energy will have to face criminal charges for allegedly dumping tens of thousands of gallons of hydraulic fracturing waste at a Marcellus Shale drilling site in 2010, according to a Pennsylvania judge’s ruling on 1 January 2014. Following a preliminary hearing, Magisterial District Judge James G. Carn decided that all eight charges against Exxon — including violations of both the state Clean Streams Law and the Solid Waste Management Act — will be “held for court,” meaning there is enough evidence to take the fossil fuel giant to trial over felony offenses. Pennsylvania’s Attorney General filed criminal charges back in September 2013, claiming Exxon had removed a plug from a wastewater tank, leading to 57,000 gallons of contaminated water spilling into the soil. The Exxon subsidiary had contested the criminal charges, claiming there was “no lasting environmental impact,” and that the charges could “discourage good environmental practices” from guilty companies.

  4. On 29 June 2012, the Danish city of Copenhagen won the European Green Capital Award for 2014. The award was presented by EU Environment Commissioner Janez Potocnik at a ceremony in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, the current holder of the title. Copenhagen received special praise for its achievements, notably in terms of eco-innovation and sustainable mobility, its commitment to act as a role model for the green economy, in Europe and beyond, and for an exceptionally promising communication strategy.

  5. Tree of the year 2014 is the sessile oak (Quercus petraea), also known as the Cornish oak or Durmast oak.

  6. Three FSC Forest Management certificates held by Resolute Forest Products, Canada’s largest forest enterprise, will be suspended beginning January 1, 2014. The decision by the Rainforest Alliance comes following the finding of major non-conformances and non-compliances on the part of Resolute Forest Products, and affects a forest area of over 8 million hectares. The three affected forests are Lac St-Jean and Mistassini-Péribonka in Quebec, and Black Spruce& Dog River in Ontario. The major non-conformances and non-compliances relate to indigenous Peoples’ rights, environmental impact, forest benefits,monitoring and assessment, and High Conservation Value forests.

  7. The United Nations declared 2014 the International Year of the Small Islands Developing States in order to call attention to their importance and to the current challenges faced by small island states in light of globalization and climate change.

  8. The International Year of Family Farming 2014 is an initiative promoted by the World Rural Forum and supported by over 360 civil society and farmers’ organizations. This worldwide celebration, declared by the United Nations General Assembly, aims to become a tool to stimulate active policies for sustainable development of agricultural systems based farmer families, communal units, indigenous groups, cooperatives and fishing families. All this work is being made from the perspective of effectively combating poverty and hunger and the search for a rural development based on the respect for environment and biodiversity.

  9. Mollusc of the year 2014 is the Garlic glass-snail (Oxychilus alliarius).

  10. Poisonous plant of the year 2014 is the Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis).

  11. Stentor, sometimes called trumpet animalcules, is the Protozoan of the Year 2014.

  12. Orchid of the year 2014 is the Ghost Orchid (Epipogium aphyllum).

  13. On 22 March 2014, the Global Nature Fund announced, the choice of the Chiemsee in Bavaria as Living Lake of the Year 2014.

  14. Insect of the Year 2014 is the Phasia aurigera.

  15. Animal of the Year 2014 is the wisent or European bison (Bison bonasus).

  16. The Schönbuch was chosen as Forest of the Year 2014. The Schönbuch is an almost completely wooded area south west of Stuttgart and part of the Southern German Escarpment Landscape. In 1972 the centre zone of the Schönbuch became the first natural park in Baden-Württemberg.

  17. Moss of the Year 2014 is the Hedwigia ciliata.

  18. Lichen of the Year 2014 is the map lichen (Rhizocarpon geographicum).

  19. Endangered livestock breed of the Year 2014 is the Dülmen Pony.

  20. The environmental foundation Global Nature Fund (GNF) proclaims the Philippine’s Lake Sampaloc and the six other crater lakes in San Pablo City, Province Laguna, as the “Threatened Lake of the Year 2014”. In commemoration of World Wetlands Day 2014, the GNF draws attention to the advancing destruction of the crater lakes.

  21. Bird of the Year 2014 is the European Green Woodpecker (Picus viridis).

  22. Medicinal Plant of the Year 2014 is the Plantago lanceolata commonly known as ribwort plantain, English plantain, buckhorn plantain, narrowleaf plantain, ribleaf and lamb's tongue.

  23. Fish of the Year 2014 is the Sturgeon.

  24. Since 2011, the Federal Environment Agency has selected a "water body type of the year".On World Water Day 2014 the Federal Environment Agency proclaimed the 'deep, low-nutrient lakes of Northern Germany' to be the Water Body Type of the year for 2014.

  25. Laboratory animal of the Year 2014 is the monkey, especially the macaque monkeys.

  26. The Christmas cactus is the cactus of the year 2014. The wild species Schlumbergera truncata with its red flowers grow epiphytically on trees in the Brazilian coastal forests. They root in the moss and loose humus that gathers on branches and twigs, sometimes even on the outer bark. Although millions of cultivars are produced each year by garden nurseries for the flower trade, the survival of the wild species of Schlumbergera occurring in the Organ Range in Brazil is endangered.

  27. Fungus of the Year 2014 is the Crucibulum laeve.

  28. The Anise Pimpinella anisum) has been chosen for the Medicinal Herb of the Year 2014 by the NHV Theophrastus.

  29. Wild bee of the Year 2014 is the Wool-carder bee (Anthidium manicatum).

  30. Algal researchers of the German Botanical Society have chosen Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as alga of the year 2014.

  31. Water Plant of the Year 2014 is the Australian Water Clover (Marsilea mutica).

  32. European spider of the year 2014 is the Linyphia triangularis.

  33. Cave Animal of the Year 2014 is the Proasellus cavaticus.

  34. Microbe of the Year 2014 is the microorganism Nostoc.

  35. Flower of the year 2014 is the Butomus umbellatus, also known as flowering rush or grass rush.

  36. Perennial Herb of the Year 2014 is the Epimedium.

  37. Dragonfly of the Year 2014 is the White-faced Darter (Leucorrhinia dubia).

  38. The Yellow-bellied toad (Bombina variegata) was nominated to the Amphibian of the Year 2014 by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Herpetologie und Terrarienkunde e.V. (DGHT).

  39. Butterfly of the year 2014 is the Spurge Hawk-moth (Hyles euphorbiae).