1. The 18th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC and the 8th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol opened on Monday, 26 November and continued until Saturday, 8 December 2012 at the Qatar National Convention Centre in Doha, Qatar. Following difficult negotiations, the international Climate Change Conference in Doha agreed on a second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol. A work programme for the comprehensive climate agreement to be negotiated by 2015 was also adopted.

  2. From 16 to 17 July 2012, ministers and delegations from 31 states, together with the Executive Secretary of the UN Climate Change Secretariat, met in Berlin for the third Petersberg Climate Dialogue. At the conference, hosted by Federal Environment Minister Peter Altmaier and the president of the climate change conference 2012, Deputy Prime Minister of Qatar Abdullah bin Hamad Al-Attiyah, participants discussed how to swiftly take further climate action, and what can be accomplished in Doha.

  3. From 20 to 22 June 2012, the UN conference for sustainable development, Rio+20,took place in Rio de Janeiro. The location of the conference has a symbolic relevance, as it is the same place where standards for global climate and environmental policies were set at the Earth Summit 20 years ago. In 1992 the international community committed itself for the first time to the general principal of sustainable development and adopted the Agenda 21 action programme. The conference also adopted the Rio declaration and the UN conventions on climate change, on biological diversity and to combat desertification.